4.These provisions mean that, prior to the ratification of the withdrawal agreement by the Government, no parliamentary procedure is required beyond the adoption of the Withdrawal Agreement Act. However, this agreement is one of the most important international agreements concluded by the United Kingdom in recent history, and this report was drawn up by the European Union`s Special Committee to promote an informed debate on the agreement, both in Parliament and beyond. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and its accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  6.Am 29 March 2017, the then Prime Minister, Hon Theresa May, informed the European Council of the UK`s intention to withdraw from the European Union in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU). Article 50 stipulates that, within two years, the European Union should “negotiate and conclude an agreement with [the Withdrawal State] which sets out the terms of its withdrawal within the framework of its future relations with the Union”6 The agreement also provides for a transitional period which will last until 31 December 2020 and which can be renewed once by mutual consent. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.
 The EU and the United Kingdom have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts.