The 2015 World Trade Report provides an overview of the different definitions of trade facilitation between universities and international organizations and contrasts them with the scope of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement reached in December 2013.  The WTO TFA has become a new basis for trade facilitation and many countries are working to implement measures beyond the measures outlined in this agreement to maintain a competitive advantage in global markets.  In particular, most countries have focused their trade facilitation efforts on the establishment of individual electronic windows and other paperless trading systems to further reduce trade costs.  As the trade facilitation agreement has been pushed to be a non-binding document, and rather a number of incentives for the industry and development-oriented countries that should follow, it has left many developing and least developed countries with doubts that the most prosperous countries are meeting their obligations to assist. Many African nations are wondering how this agreement can benefit them not only for international trade, but also for interregional trade.  As a result, many developing countries are still unable to fully commit to ratifying this agreement. Developed countries have demonstrated their commitment to the agreement because they are able to meet their requirements. However, many nations such as India and China have committed only 70-75% of measures to facilitate trade.  Based on transnational data from the World Bank`s Enterprise Survey (WBES), this paper, together with the OECD Trade by Enterprise Characteristics (TEC), examines the relationship between the trade facilitation environment – measured using OECD Trade Facilitation Indicators (IFT) – and various measures of INTERNATIONAL SME engagement. Deferred Payment Document Alignment Electronic Payment of Customs Duties and Taxes Before processing the publication Time Release Transit Facilitation Transit Operation The agreement will also help to make unnecessary the critical practical barriers that govern international trade. The most prosperous countries in the agreement have pledged to reform the technical and financial processes of developing countries to improve their effectiveness. This, in turn, hopes to reduce corruption as bribes in these national regions.
New technologies and more efficient procedures, which reduce the “bureaucracy” associated with international trade, should limit corruption by limiting their need.  Trade facilitation objectives have been included in the international agenda, mainly due to four main factors. Trade facilitation also helps more – and smaller – businesses involved in trade. Eliminating unnecessary costs associated with business procedures is essential for businesses to take full advantage of new market openings. This is especially true for micro-enterprises, PETITES and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) where business costs can be disproportionate. Whether they export or import goods, trade facilitation benefits all countries by providing companies with better access to production inputs from abroad and supporting greater participation in global value chains (CICs). Countries where inputs can be imported and exported quickly and reliably are also more attractive sites for foreign companies that wish to invest and offer consumers lower prices, better quality products and a greater choice of products.